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Guidelines to having a logical debate in this section.

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Guidelines to having a logical debate in this section.

Post by Konata-bot on Sat Mar 15, 2014 5:05 pm

Any paper or debate includes at least one good argument. A good argument consists of 5 main parts. For example, an argument includes a thesis that declares your position on a topic. You must acknowledge the opposition or opposite point of view. You end with a conclusion that reiterates your position. However, you need to include persuasion in between the thesis and conclusion. You clearly define the logic of your evidence then provide evidence that authenticates your argument. You should know how to make a logical argument before writing or speaking your position.

1 Know the premise.

-A premise consists of facts about a topic. An example of a premise may include the topic of physical education in school. For example, "elementary schools are eliminating gym from their curriculum."

-Conduct research using a variety of sources such as newspaper articles, books, magazines and the Internet to look for facts about your premise. For instance, if want physical education to stay in elementary schools, you conduct research that supports that claim.

-Make a list of facts that support your argument.

2 Decide how to construct a logical argument.

You have 2 options

-Syllogism uses 1 major premise, observation and conclusion. You can use the physical education in schools as an example. Every child who has participated in physical education has lost weight. Children need physical education to maintain good health. Eliminating physical education in schools leads to obese children.

-Inductive reasoning uses specific facts and moves to a general argument. For instance, children are obese. Obesity must be the result of no physical education in elementary schools.

3 Avoid logical fallacies.
Logical fallacies are undetermined in an argument's strength. There are 9 types of logical fallacies.

-Equivocation uses the wrong meaning of a word in an argument. Example: a period is placed at the end of a sentence; hence a period means the end of life.

-A false analogy involves assuming that, just because 2 things are alike, they are the same in every way. For instance, the analogy of no good deed goes unpunished is used when Nick returns money that Nora dropped.

-Post Hoc, Ergo Propter Hoc consists of assuming that 1 event causes another event. For example, James broke his leg today, because his school eliminated gym.

-Circular reasoning, also called begging the question, involves reiterating a point that's been made. Example: Sarah lies because she's a liar.

-Ad Hominem refers to arguing against a man instead of against the issue. Example: He can't be elected to school superintendent. He wants all children to be fat.

-Red Herring uses an irrelevant issue to distract the reader or audience. Example: Why worry about physical education when we need to ban all fast food restaurants.

-Hasty generalization consists of using little-to-no evidence or biased evidence to prove a premise. Example: Only fat children need physical education.

-Non Sequitur doesn't involve a conclusion that logically matches the premise. Example: the topic is "physical education helps children stay healthy." Thus, gym is needed in schools to make children fashionable.

-Fallacy/either consists of 2 possibilities when several options exist. Example: physical education, love it or leave it.

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